Gallipoli General Information
The Gallipoli (Gelibolu) peninsula, a slender portion of land, is located in the southern part of East Thrace, the European section of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east. The Gallipoli battlefields cover an extensive area from Abide-Cape Helles, the Turkish and British memorial sites at the southern tip of the peninsula to the Anafarta hills in the north, in an area of around 45 kilometres. Gallipoli was the site of a brutal World War I conflict that included the dawn landings at Anzac Cove on April 25, 1915. The Gallipoli campaign, launched to gain control of the peninsula for the Allies, unfolded vastly differently to expectations. The ill-fated mission resulted in the deaths of 130,000 Turkish and Allied troops, including 8709 Australians, and has become a symbol of national identity.
ANZAC day commemorates the anniversary of the first major military campaign fought by the Anzacs (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps). Anzacs who have served in all wars and peacekeeping operations across history are now remembered on ANZAC day for their courage and sacrifice. Following World War I, the Gallipoli peninsula became a site of remembrance and a new pine tree was planted at Lone Pine. Now, two tall pines stand in the Lone Pine cemetery: one built to commemorate the battle and another, descended from the original tree, to signify resilience and the ANZAC spirit.
The Gallipoli Peninsula’s landscape, covered in pine forests and fringed by idyllic beaches and coves, is now home to numerous cemeteries and monuments. Australians and New Zealanders view the peninsula, now protected as the Gallipoli Campaign Historic Site, as a place of pilgrimage, and visit in their tens of thousands each year. The Turks, drawn by the legend of the courageous 57th regiment and its commander, Mustafa Kemal (the future Atatürk), also travel here in ever-increasing numbers to pay their respects.
If you plan to attend the Anzac Day commemoration ceremonies on 25 April at Anzac Cove, you must book your arrangements in advance. The main event is a dawn remembrance service attended by diplomats, high-ranking military officers, descendants of those who fought and thousands of visitors.