Venice General Information
Venice, the capital city of Veneto region in north-eastern Italy, was founded in the 5th century and is spread across 118 small islands that are separated by canals. The capital city of Venice is an intricate masterpiece in which even the tiniest building contains works by artists such as Giorgione, Titan, and others. Venice and its lagoon illustrate the interaction between people and their environment over time linked by over 400 bridges. Venice is renowned for numerous important artistic movements including the history of symphonic and operatic music, and it is where Antonio Vivaldi was born.
Nature and history have always been closely linked since the 5th century when Venetians found refuge on the islands of Torcello, Jesolo and Malamocco by using the lagoon to escape barbarian raids. Eventually, the land-dwelling fishermen and refugees settled permanently on these islands and developed into a financial and maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. At the heart of the lagoon is Venice which stood as one of the greatest seaports and capitals in the medieval world due to its role as the commercial and cultural link between Europe and Asia. The city-state of Venice reached great prominence in the 14th century as an international financial centre and has made Venice a wealthy city throughout most of its history.